Many people play sports in some way or another, whether they are just paying for fun in their backyard or competitively on a team. Exercising by playing sports can be very beneficial to your health, but sometimes injuries can happen, no matter how much we may try to prevent them. The severity of these injuries can range from minor to very serious, with some injuries requiring surgery to fully heal. These injuries can be caused by poor training practices, improper equipment, flawed techniques, or just purely accidental. Injuries can also occur when a person is not properly conditioned to play the sport, such as not warming up or stretching muscles before playing.
Strains and Sprains
Strains and sprains are the most common type of sports injury, and can happen in just about any type of physical activity. A sprain occurs when a ligament (band of connective tissue that attaches bones to other bones) tears or stretches too much. A sprain is most common in wrists, ankles, or knees. A strain is also known as a pulled muscle, and occurs when the fibers within a muscle or tendon stretch too far or tear.
Fractures are also commonly known as a broken bone, and are a fairly common sports injury. Most are classified as emergencies, and may even need surgery to completely repair. A stress fracture occurs most of the time in the legs or feet from sports that cause repetitive impact, such a running or jumping sport.
A dislocation happens when a force pushes the bones in a joint out of alignment. Contact sports such as football or an activity such as excessive stretching or falling can cause dislocations. A dislocation will usually require medical treatment and be treated as an emergency. Although the dislocated bone may be able to be put back in place, the connective tissue surrounding the joint may have more severe damage. The most common joints that are dislocated are the fingers and hand, and the shoulder. Elbows, knees, and hips can be dislocated but are a less common injury.
Did you know that e very year over five million people visit orthopedic surgeons for knee related injuries and problems? Mild knee injuries include iliotibial band syndrome, runner’s knee, or tendonitis. Severe knee injuries can involve damage or bruising to cartilage or ligaments. The four major ligaments in the knee that are commonly injured are the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL).
If you or your child experience any sports-related injury, trust the physicians at Hampton Roads Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine to get you back in the game. Call (757) 873-1554 to schedule an appointment today!